Country / Region profile of: Myanmar

The status of women in Myanmar has been defined by several decades of military rule. Sexual violence in the context of armed conflict has been reported as widespread and systematic, with perpetrators enjoying impunity. The military regime failed to invest in basic services such as health and education, thereby disproportionately affecting women. Myanmar was ranked 83 out of 144 countries in the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) of 2017. It has ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1997. Myanmar has not signed the Arms trade Treaty (ATT). During the 2017 October Security Council Open Debate, Myanmar gave no statement. In 2017, the Myanmar governement spent $1.7 billion on military expeditures, however, that number has been indicated as highly uncertain. They have not developed a National Action Plan on the Implementation of Resolution 1325 (2000). In the transition to democracy that Myanmar is undergoing, there seems to be a shift towards including women and ensuring their greater participation in multiple roles of the peace processes. There is a growing recognition of the fact that the inclusion of women and their priorities in all aspects of the peace process will advance efforts towards lasting peace and ensure that women’s concerns are addressed in long-term development and sustainable peace. 

"The education and empowerment of women throughout the world cannot fail to result in a more caring, tolerant, just and peaceful life for all.” ― Aung San Suu Kyi"


$ 1,709,000,000
Military expenditure
Myanmar spends $1,709,000,000 on the military.
Investing in peace and gender equality
Myanmar could invest in ongoing funding of its National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
NAP 1325
Myanmar does not have a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
WPS commitments
Myanmar made no specific financial commitments on Women, Peace and Security in 2017