The status of women in Myanmar has been defined by several decades of military rule. Sexual violence in the context of armed conflict has been reported as widespread and systematic, with perpetrators enjoying impunity. The military regime failed to invest in basic services such as health and education, thereby disproportionately affecting women. Myanmar was ranked 83 out of 144 countries in the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) of 2017. It has ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1997. Myanmar has not signed the Arms trade Treaty (ATT). During the 2017 October Security Council Open Debate, Myanmar gave no statement. In 2017, the Myanmar governement spent $1.7 billion on military expeditures, however, that number has been indicated as highly uncertain. They have not developed a National Action Plan on the Implementation of Resolution 1325 (2000). In the transition to democracy that Myanmar is undergoing, there seems to be a shift towards including women and ensuring their greater participation in multiple roles of the peace processes. There is a growing recognition of the fact that the inclusion of women and their priorities in all aspects of the peace process will advance efforts towards lasting peace and ensure that women’s concerns are addressed in long-term development and sustainable peace.