New Zealand has a long history of promoting women's rights and equality. It was the first country to give women the right to vote in the 19th Century. It continues to boast strong female representation in decision making, politics and the judiciary. New Zealand ranks 9 out of 144 countries listed on the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) and it ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) as early as 1985. New Zealand voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), signed on 3rd June 2013, and ratified on September 2nd, 2014. They are working to ensure that women are included at more senior levels in future peacekeeping operations. Its National Action Plan focuses on improving international deployment rates of senior staff within the New Zealand Defense Force and New Zealand Police will increase the numbers of women at decision-making levels in peacekeeping and assistance missions. However, they made no specific financial commitments towards the implementation of UNSCR 1325 and the WPS Agenda holistically. In 2017, $2.3 bln was spent by New Zealand on its military; however, New Zealand’s National Action Plan does not include an allocated or estimated budget. Violence against women and children remains a problem, particularly among the Maori and Pacific Islander populations. In addition, there appears to be an issue of forced marriage of women under 18, particularly in migrant communities.