Country / Region profile of: Nicaragua

Women were crucial to the success of the revolution in Nicaragua. They not only made up approximately 30 percent of the revolutionary army as guerillas, but were also involved as organisers and supporters of communications. Following decades of political turmoil and conflict, peace agreements were made in 1990. Nicaragua ranks 6 out of 144 countries listed on the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) of 2017 and it has ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1981. Nicaragua abstained from the vote on the adoption of the treaty, and has not yet signed or ratified. Entry into the public as guerrillas led to many developing a feminist conscience, fighting for women's emancipation. However, the revolutionary years did not have a lasting effect on women’s rights. Nevertheless, the legacy remains and the feminist movement in Nicaragua is among the strongest in Latin America today. There are several women's rights organisations that deal with a variety of issues such as sexual and gender-based violence, increased women's political participation and women's human rights in general. Nicaragua did not participate in the 2016 or 2017 October Open Debate on WPS. Nicaragua does not have a National Action Plan on WPS or a budget allocated on the WPS Agenda. In 2017 it spent $83.9 in the military. 

"Women weren't aware of anything: they only washed, ironed, cooked, had children and that was it. But now, I tell you, we're awakened... participation brought a sense of self-respect to many women." - Gloria Carrión


$ 83,900,000
Military expenditure
Nicaragua spends USD$83,900,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Broadcast training for vulnerable women
This amount could provide broadcast training to about 829,000 indigenous women, to help spread information on the anti-violence services available to them
NAP 1325
Nicaragua does not have a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
WPS commitments
Nicaragua made no specific financial commitments on Women, Peace and Security in 2017