Country / Region profile of: Oman

Although Oman does not have a recent history of conflict, Oman's patriarchal culture, in combination with conservative religious norms continues to have a profound impact on women. Despite progress, women face discrimination in almost all areas of life. Women remain underrepresented in the judiciary and government structures, and do not have full freedom to make decisions about their health and reproductive rights. Oman has neither signed nor ratified the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). Oman did not participate in the 2017 open debate on Women Peace and Security. In 2017, Oman spent $8.6 bln on its military; the state has not developed a National Action Plan on the Implementation of UNSCR 1325. Oman is ranked 133 out of 144 countries listed on the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) for 2016, but was not ranked in 2017. Oman ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 2006. While this is seen as a positive development in the field of women's rights, implementation of the Convention has been slow. Women in Oman are not afforded equal rights under the personal status law, which governs inheritance, marriage, divorce, and child custody. There is little to no data regarding women's rights organizations and activists in Oman. 


$ 8,687,000,000
Military expenditure
Oman spends USD$8,687,000,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Empowering gender-sensitive UN Peacekeepers
This amount could comfortably cover more than half of the UN's entire peacekeeping budget for a year, allowing for deployment of more gender-sensitive peacekeepers
NAP 1325
Oman does not have a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
WPS commitments