The Constitution of Pakistan upholds the principles of equal rights and equal treatment of all persons, but in practice, women still have limited access to education, employment and health services. Lack of government resources, high poverty and low levels of literacy all contribute to the fact that very few women are aware of their rights. Domestic violence and honour killings are still prevalent for Pakistani women. Nationalism, regional separatism, religious doctrine and political ideology have been challenging the national politics of Pakistan and have created instability within the country. Pakistan’s violent conflicts have also resulted in massive internal displacement of populations and the immeasurable destruction of infrastructure, livelihoods, homes and schools. Pakistan ranks 143 out of 144 countries listed on the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) of 2017 and ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1992. Pakistan voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty, but has not yet signed or ratified the document. In October 2016, Pakistan participated in the Open Debate on WPS and but failed to follow-up on its 2015 commitment to make sure they respond to the needs of women and girls, as well as to plan for further streamline training for gender sensitization. Pakistan also participated in the 2017 Open Debate, where they affirmed their support for WPS but failed to make any commitments. Pakistan, does not currently have a NAP and thus, no budget is allocated to the implementation of UNSCR 1325. In 2017, Pakistan spent $10.7 bln on its military. There are a few strong civil society organisations dedicated to curtailing extremism and promoting social cohesion.