Country / Region profile of: Poland

The Constitution provides for equal rights for men and women and prohibits discrimination against women, although few laws exist to implement the provision. The Act on the Implementation of Some Regulations of the European Union Concerning Equal Treatment (2011) is responsible for the Government’s anti-discrimination and gender equality policies; however, it act is very limited in the scope of the protection it guarantees to various groups that are vulnerable to discrimination. For example, women are not protected in such critical areas of their lives such as education or access to healthcare. While there is no recent history of conflict in Poland, the country has is a member of the NATO since March 12, 1999. Poland is ranked 39 out of 144 countries listed on the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) of 2017 and it ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1980. Poland ratified the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) on 17 December 2014. During the 2015 October Open Debate on WPS, Poland gave statements committing to support the ICC and donate to the court's trust fund for victims, however at the 2016 open debate Poland did not address whether these commitments were implemented. In the 2017 Open Debate, Poland did not participate. Nonetheless, the state did commit to a 15% gender-marking target for all peacebuilding funds. In 2017, $10 bln were spent by Poland on its military. Poland has developed a National Action Plan on the Implementation of Resolution 1325 (2000) in 2018. Today, Polish women face disproportionate levels of unemployment and are pushed into the informal economy due to outmoded perceptions of women’s roles. Women's rights advocates in Poland work for increased women's political participation, reproductive rights and to stop violence against women. 

"It is important for us, women, and our supporters to keep the momentum and use our power until we see the results and to remain united above all political or other divisions." (Anna Błuś)


$ 1,001,000,000
Military expenditure
Poland spends USD$1,001,000,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Supporting gender equality
This amount could comfortably cover the entire yearly gender equality spend of the Development Assistance Committee of Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
NAP 1325
Poland does not have an allocated budget for the implementation of the National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
WPS commitments
In 2015, Poland said the Ministry of Women, the Ministry of National Defense, the Ministry of the Interior and the Ministry for Foreign Affairs support and will continue to assist UN Women.