Country / Region profile of: Romania

The Constitution of Romania guarantees women equal rights, but gender discrimination is a problem. In 2016, there were continued reports of violence and discrimination against women, especially, Roma women. Many laws still make it difficult for women to fully participate in economic life in Romania – including increased difficulty in getting a job or starting a business. While Romania does not have a recent history of large-scale conflict per se, it witnessed ethnic conflict between Romanians and the ethnic Hungarian minority in the province of Transylvania in 1990. Romania has been ranked 58 out of 144 countries listed on the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) of 2017, and it ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1982. Romania ratified the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) on 2 April 2015. During the 2017 October Open Debate, Romania gave a statement affirming support for WPS and stated that the Romanian Ministry of Defence adopted a Plan of Action to implement the WPS Agenda. In 2017, $4.0 bln were spent by Romania on its military. As of yet, Romania has not developed a National Action Plan on the Implementation of Resolution 1325 (2000). A number of women's rights organisations work to highlight and address women's issues in Romania today.  

"The struggle for social justice should be celebrated regardless of the scale it is played at, placing itself at the intersection of political acts and the impact of the grassroots initiatives" - Cristina Simona Bangau


$ 4,004,000,000
Military expenditure
Romania spends USD$4,004,000,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
National Action Plan
This amount could support the establishment of the country's first National Action Plan on UNSCR 1325... and fund its implementation for more than a decade
NAP 1325
Romania has a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 for the period of 2014-2024.
WPS commitments
Romania in 2015 said it will continue to support the work of the International Criminal Court, including by contributing financially to the Court’s Trust Fund for Victims. It said it will earmark a minimum of 15% of all future funding for the UN Peacebuilding Fund to be dedicated to women’s specific needs, and in particular to advancing gender equality in post-conflict situations.