Country / Region profile of: S. Korea

Women in the Republic of Korea (also known as South Korea) face challenges from a patriarchal society and social expectations of traditional gender roles, which limit their participation in government and in business and their ability to occupy senior positions. South Korea has not been involved in large-scale conflict or war recently but continues to have high tension with North Korea. Since 2009, repeated missile tests by North Korea have heightened tensions between the two countries. The border between North and South Korea, called the demilitarised zone (DMZ), is the most heavily-fortified border in the world. South Korea ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1984 and is ranked 118 out of 144 listed countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). South Korea signed the ATT in 2013, but did not ratify it. In 2017, $39.1 bln was spent by South Korea on its military. The Republic of Korea participated in the 2017 Women, Peace and Security open debate, but did not make any commitments. The Republic of Korea adopted its own national action plan on women and peace and security in 2014, and has been scaling up its efforts to increase women’s participation in peace efforts ever since. Korean women activists continue to advocate for peace between North and South Korea and for greater domestic implementation of gender equality and women's empowerment. 

"We women as agent of peacemaking...[are] determined to promote inter-Korean exchanges and to work together with other women at home and abroad to make the Korean Peninsula peaceful so that our children will freely travel over the demilitarised zone (DMZ) to Europe." -Gyunglan Jung


$ 39,153,000,000
Military expenditure
South Korea spends USD$39,153,000,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Support gender equality in UN Peacekeeping missions
This amount could massively boost the current UN funding on peacekeeping missions, allowing for the deployment of more women peacekeepers
NAP 1325
The Republic of Korea NAP does not include an allocated or estimated budget and there are no other financial resource consideration references within the NAP.
WPS commitments