Violence against women, sexual harassment, gender-based discrimination and trafficking in women for the purpose of sexual exploitation remain major problems in Serbia. The 1990s war in the former Yugoslavia was marked by intense sexualised violence that ruined the lives of old women and young girls alike. Serbia is ranked 40 out of 144 countries listed on the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) for 2017 and it succeded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 2001. Serbia also ratified the Arms Trade treaty (ATT) on 5 December 2014. In 2017, $731 mln were spent by Serbia on its military; subsequently, the funds for the implementation of activities identified by the National Action Plan (NAP) to implement UNSCR 1325 are provided by the Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Serbia. Besides, the NAP may be co-financed and implemented in cooperation with the UNIFEM, OSCE Mission to Serbia, the European Union or other national and international partners. In addition to a number of women's anti-war groups, women's rights organisations in Serbia work hard to rehabilitate and provide justice for conflict-affected women, while highlighting other issues such as violence against women.