Country / Region profile of: Spain

Spain has a long and complex history of conflict, with different impacts on women. The Basque conflict was recently concluded when separatist group ETA announced a permanent cease-fire and cessation of armed activity, bringing a dramatic end to a decades-long campaign of violence and closing the door on one of Western Europe's last active armed separatist movements. Nevertheless, Spanish forces have taken part in multilateral missions and peacekeeping, including in Afghanistan. Today, the law in Spain prohibits discrimination based on gender, and these laws are generally enforced well. Spain is ranked 24 of 144 countries listed on the Global Gender Gap Index (GGI) for 2017 and ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1984. Spain ratified the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT) on 2 April 2014. During the 2017 October Open Debate, Spain gave a statement affirming support for WPS and expressed its commitment, among other things, to to the Women, Peace and Security Focal Points Network, the participation of civil society in Security Council debates and the Informal Expert Group on Women and Peace and Security. In the 2015 debate, financially, Spain promised to increase the percentage of our official development assistance earmarked for Women, Peace and Security, contribute to funding the Gender Unit within the Department of Political Affairs of the Secretariat in 2016, and make a contribution of USD 1,110,299.99 to the new Global Acceleration Instrument for Women, Peace and Security and Humanitarian Action and the multiagency Fund for Action against Sexual Violence in Conflict. In 2017, $16.2 bln were spent by Spain on its military; subsequently, the National Action Plan on the Implementation of Resolution 1325 (2000) has no allocated budget. Activists in Spain advocate to bring gender issues to the forefront of all discourse, and work to achieve reproductive rights, equality and women's empowerment.



“What we do for women, we do for all human beings. Every structure that is against women is also against men, and this is so for two reasons. First because if women are just seen as labor force and not recognized as full human beings with different roles in life, their motherhood will suffer and their role as spouses and daughters will too. Second, men also need to have time for their role of fathers, sons and brothers, as well as to have a balanced life and the recognition of all this has to be conquered, too.” - Nuria Chinchilla


$ 16,227,000,000
Military expenditure
Spain spends USD$16,227,000,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Supporting gender equality
This amount could comfortably cover the entire yearly gender equality spend of the Development Assistance Committee of Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development.
NAP 1325
The Spanish NAP does not include an allocated or estimated budget and there are no other financial resource consideration references within the NAP.
WPS commitments