Viet Nam is on track to meet the gender Millennium Development Goals and there is almost equal participation of men and women in the workforce. However, issues such as violence against women and sex trafficking pose serious challenges. Despite laws and regulations devoted to the protection of women's rights in a number areas such as marriage and the workplace, as well as provisions that call for preferential treatment, women do not always receive equal treatment.
Viet Nam is ranked 69 out of the 144 countries listed in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). Viet Nam ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1982. Viet Nam has not signed the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). During the 2017 October Security Council Open Debate on WPS, Viet Nam made a statement affirming support for the WPS Agenda, but no specific commitment towards the implementation of UNSCR 1325 and the WPS Agenda holistically. In 2017, $5074 million USD was spent by Viet Nam on its military. The country has not developed a National Action Plan on the Implementation of Resolution 1325 (2000).