The Council sent a mission to the Lake Chad Basin region (Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Nigeria) from 1 to 7 March 2017. The mission was led jointly by the Permanent Representatives of France, Senegal and the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. Key messages conveyed by the Governments of the Lake Chad Basin countries were similar. They acknowledged the continued threat by Boko Haram, despite its degraded capability as a result of operations by the Multinational Joint Task Force and their national armies. They stressed that the military efforts had severely drained their meagre resources in the context of a deep financial crisis affecti ng the region. This, in turn, had limited their ability to address the humanitarian, socioeconomic and development needs of the affected populations.
The Security Council mission to Colombia, which Uruguay had the honour of co-leading with the United Kingdom, took place from 3 to 5 May. The purpose of the visit was to express the support of the Council for the implementation of the Final Peace Agreement, as referred to in the terms of reference of the Security Council mission, as well as to hear from all stakeholder: the Government, the people of Colombia, the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia — Ejército Popular (FARC-EP), the United Nations Mission in Colombia and the country team, and to ascertain the progress made in and the difficulties of the process.
The Security Council visited the Republic of Haiti from 22 to 24 of June on an official mission headed by Bolivia in its capacity as President of the Council for the month of June. The purpose of the visit was to: reaffirm the support of the Security Council to the Government and the people of Haiti for the purpose of contributing to its stability and development; review the implementation of resolution 2350 (2017), with a focus on the conclusion of the United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti (MINUSTAH) and the transition to the new United Nations Mission for Justice Support in Haiti (MINUJUSTH); and identify the necessary measures for the successful implementation of the mandate of MINUJUSTH.
The Security Council visited Ethiopia from 5 to 9 September in Addis Ababa. The purpose of the Council’s visit to Addis Ababa was to strengthen partnership and enhance cooperation between the United Nations and the African Union in the areas of peace and security. It was undertaken within the framework of cooperation between the United Nations Security Council and the African Union Peace and Security Council under Chapter VIII of the Charter of the United Nations.
The Security Council conducted a field mission to the Sahel from 19 to 22 October, during which it visited Mali, Mauritania and Burkina Faso. The visit was jointly led by France, Ethiopia and Italy and was part of the Security Council’s close monitoring of the issue of the joint force of the Group of Five for the Sahel (G-5 Sahel). One of the goals of the visit, which began the day after the issuance of the report on the operationalization of the Joint Force (S/2017/869), was to provide the members of the Council with a first-hand assessment of the situation on the ground and an opportunity exchange views with the various actors on the ground of the Secretary-General’s recommendations aimed at strengthening international support for the Joint Force. They focused in particular on the implementation of the Agreement on Peace and Reconciliation in Mali, in line with the Council’s conviction that there canbe no lasting stability in the Sahel without effective, comprehensive and inclusive implementation of the provisions of the Agreement.
The Mission to Kabul, led by Kazakhstan, took place between 12 and 15 January 2018. During the visit, the delegation met with various senior Afghan politicians, as well as women’s non-governmental organizations, civil society organizations, and UNAMA and NATO’s Resolute Support Mission. The lightning visit was framed as an opportunity for Council members to gain a first-hand understanding of the country’s needs and priorities, and to show solidarity with the people and the Government of Afghanistan. Key challenges noted after the Mission included the high votality of the security situation, as well as the increasing presence and activity of the Islamic State in Iraq and the Levant-Khorasan Province (ISIL-KP) in the East and North of the country. To this are added challenges of the return of foreign terrorist fighters (FTFs) from Syria and Iraq who are regrouping in Afghanistan.