SOUTHERN AFRICA: Violence Against Women at 'Crisis' Levels

Tuesday, April 24, 2012
Southern Africa
PeaceWomen Consolidated Themes: 
Sexual and Gender-Based Violence

The South African Minister for Women, Children and People with Disabilities, Lulu Xingwana, has called for Southern African countries to develop a comprehensive, holistic and integrated approach to end gender-based violence (GBV).

In her keynote address to the opening session of the third annual Gender Justice and Local Government Summit in Johannesburg, Xingwana, added that countries must continue to focus on the links between HIV and AIDS and GBV in strategies for prevention, response and support.

"The issues of poverty and violence which expose women and girls to increased risk of HIV infection are not adequately addressed," the minister said, adding that it is in Africa's best interest to address these issues in a holistic manner and through advocacy to bring about behaviour change.

The three-day summit, organised by Gender Links (GL) under the banner ‘365 Days of Local Action to End Violence and Empower Women', comes in the wake of two recent incidents of GBV in SA, which made national and international headlines.

In the space of two weeks, two mentally disabled youth, a 17-year -old girl and a young boy, were sexually assaulted in Soweto. The young woman was gang raped by seven young men who videoed the rape, which went viral on social media websites. The two girls who raped the young boy left a message, which reads, “Welcome to the world of AIDS."

Minister Xingwana announced that SA's Cabinet last November approved the creation of the National Council against GBV, chaired by the Deputy President, Kgalema Motlanthe. The Council's official launch will take place in August 2012 during women's month. An interim council has been in place and working since the council was established.

Violence against women is still at ‘crisis levels' throughout the region despite the range of laws on countries' books to protect the rights of women, Minister Xingwana said, adding that effective communications strategies must also be put in place to inform and educate communities on the laws to combat GBV.

According to the findings of GL's GBV Indicators Research Project in SA, Botswana and Mauritius, 67 percent of women in Botswana, 51 percent of women in SA's Gauteng Province and 45 percent of women in Western Cape, and 24 percent of women in Mauritius, have experienced GBV.

The research also found that men are the majority of the perpetrators of GBV and that the most predominant form of GBV experienced by women and perpetrated by men in the three countries occurs within intimate partnerships.

Commenting on the recent widely publicised incidents of GBV in SA, Maggie Manamela, a female delegate from SA attending the summit said that, "We need to be more aware of this problem [GBV] because it's happening right under our noses."