SYRIA: Syria Peace Talks: Bitter Exchanges Mark First Day Of Negotiations

Friday, January 24, 2014
The Huffington Post
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GENEVA (AP) — The leader of Syria's Western-backed opposition said Thursday he will give his negotiating team the authority it needs in any talks with President Bashar Assad's government.

Ahmad al-Jarba, head of the Syrian National Coalition, said he had no timeframe in mind. But, he said, " We made the difficult decision to attend the talks." Speaking at a news conference, he said Assad's allies were falling away as the prospect of peace talks approached.

The two sides have not yet spoken directly at the peace talks in Switzerland aimed at forging a path out of Syria's civil war.

Syria's government declared that its main priority was stopping terrorism — not ensuring peace — and before al-Jarba spoke with reporters Thursday it hadn't been clear whether the opposition was ready to negotiate directly with the government it wants to overthrow.

As the two sides spend the day meeting separately with a U.N. mediator known for untangling diplomatic knots, their comments reflected positions hardened by nearly three years of civil war.

The goal of direct talks by Friday had appeared distant at best. But that seemed to change when al-Jarba said, "The road to negotiations has begun."

Syrian Foreign Minister Walid al-Moallem, speaking after the tense opening day of a peace conference that has nearly fallen apart at every step, said his government's priority was to "to fight terrorism." He said, "This paves the way for the start of the political process and an internal Syrian dialogue without any foreign intervention."

At least 130,000 people have been killed in the fighting that began in March 2011 with a peaceful uprising against President Bashar Assad's rule, according to activists who are the only ones still keeping count. The fighting in Syria has become a proxy war between regional powers Iran and Saudi Arabia, and taken on post-Cold War overtones with Russia and the United States backing opposite sides.

Assad's government blames the West for the influx of foreign militants who have taken up the cause of the rebellion, and claims that his fall would turn the region into an al-Qaida haven.

Al-Moallem dismissed the Western-backed Syrian National Coalition as exiled, ineffectual meddlers, insisting that any political negotiations should take place without outside interference and with those who truly represent Syrians.

Haitham al-Maleh, a veteran Syrian opposition figure and a senior member of the coalition, said Thursday there may not be any face-to-face talks between the two delegations on Friday — as had been hoped — but rather mediator Lakhdar Brahimi would continue to shuttle between the two sides.

"I don't think we're ready for that yet. The gap is too big," said al-Maleh.

Brahimi was meeting first with al-Jarba, the coalition chief, then with al-Moallem, the U.N. said.

Al-Maleh, a longtime opponent of Assad's rule who spent many years in Syrian prisons, said it was "not easy" to sit in the same room with Assad's officials at Wednesday's opening of the peace conference.

"I looked at them and thought, are they really Syrians like me? How can they sit there and defend such a killer regime. How?" he asked.

Representatives hand-picked by Assad were staying in Geneva's Hotel de la Paix — or Peace Hotel. The opposition coalition was staying at the Intercontinental, where then-President Jimmy Carter met in 1977 with Assad's father, Hafez, to discuss Mideast peace prospects.

Syrian refugees staying at the Kilis camp in southern Turkey say the negotiations in Switzerland will not change their plight.

"Whether the opposition and the (Syrian) regime sit at the negotiating table makes no difference. The people of Syria have been left alone, and the international community is ignoring them," said refugee Mustafa Rejab.

The talks got off to a tense start Wednesday in the Swiss city of Montreux, with Assad's future at the heart of bitter exchanges on the podium as dozens of the world's most powerful diplomats looked on.

High-level mediating has yielded little so far, but Brahimi said the two sides might be willing to bend on humanitarian aid, cease-fires and prisoner exchanges.

At another Swiss venue, the World Economic Forum in Davos, Iranian President Hassan Rouhani called Thursday for a new election in Syria, saying his nation would respect the results. Iran, a close ally of Assad's, was barred from participating in the Swiss-based talks to end Syria's civil war.

"The best solution is to organize a free and fair election in Syria" and once the ballots are cast "we should all accept" the outcome, Rouhani said.

Badr Jamous, secretary-general of the Syrian National Coalition, derided the speech.

"Where are we going to conduct such elections? In the Syrian camps in Lebanon, Jordan and Turkey?" he said. "Or shall we look after the Syrian refugees in the boats sinking in the Mediterranean or in Europe or under the wreckage in Syria or in the cemeteries or in his prison?"