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Country / Region profile of: Iran

Women in the Islamic Republic of Iran have continued to challenge the discriminatory aspects of the rigid interpretation of Sharia and promote gender equality through peaceful methods, including the One Million Signatures campaign. Iran has a long history of international conflict, and domestic politics is characterised by the wide rift between the powerful, religious conservatives and the reformists. The development of Iran's nuclear programme resulted in multiple sanctions from the international community, including an oil embargo by the European Union, until November 2013, when Iran agreed to restrict uranium enrichment. Iran is not a signatory of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). Iran is ranked 140 out of 144 listed countries on the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). In October 2017, Iran participated in the Open Debate and made no specific commitments. In 2017, Iran spent $ 14.5 billion on the military. Recently, in April 2014, when the UN elected Iran to a four-year seat on the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW), Iranian women activists protested the election of a country that has actively opposed CEDAW and legally restricted women's rights domestically. 

"The history of the women’s movement in the last 35 years in Iran has been a history of constant battle between the Government and women. Iranian women are the only group that have systematically pushed back against the Government whenever it tried to infringe on their rights." - Haleh Esfandiari


$ 1,454,800,000
Military expenditure
The country spends USD$14,548,000,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Investing in peace and gender equality
Iran could invest in creation and ongoing funding of a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
NAP 1325
Iran does not have a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
WPS commitments
Iran made no specific financial commitments on Women, Peace and Security in 2017.