The present report is submitted in response to Economic and Social Council resolution 2011/6. Based on a variety of sources, including responses received from United Nations entities, the report assesses progress made in the implementation of the gender mainstreaming strategy across the United Nations system. It places a special emphasis on the promotion of accountability for system-wide work on gender equality and the empowerment of women at both the global and country levels. The report presents the recently approved system-wide action plan on gender equality and the empowerment of women, which institutes a system-wide accountability framework. The action plan is the result of a consultative process facilitated by the United Nations Entity for Gender Equality and the Empowerment of Women (UN-Women) and engaging the United Nations entities that are members of the Inter-Agency Network on Women and Gender Equality. The report also includes recommendations aimed at further progress, for consideration by the Economic and Social Council.