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Cyprus (S/2014/461)

Date: 
Wednesday, July 9, 2014
Countries: 
Cyprus
Report Analysis: 

The present report on the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) covers developments from 16 December 2013 to 20 June 2014 and brings up to date, since the issuance of my report dated 30 December 2013 (S/2013/781), the record of activities carried out by UNFICYP pursuant to Security Council resolution 186 (1964) and subsequent Council resolutions, most recently resolution 2135 (2014).

Issues of women, peace and security are not referenced in the report.

The report misses several opportunities to ensure women’s full and meaningful participation in ongoing negotiations as well as women’s groups participation in events organized by UNFICYP. The report should include explicit references calling for acknowledging the importance of women’s civil society participation in all political and peace processes.

In relation to the recommendations put forth in the January 2014 MAP the report’s record is inadequate. The MAP call on the Council to support efforts to ensure women’s participation in negotiations by strengthening references to the participation of civil society in the peace process. [1] The Council fails to explicitly mention women’s participation in political and peace processes in the as well as women’s civil society participation.

The current report of 9 July 2014 (S/2014/461) is on par with the previous report of both reports fail to make any references to issues of women, peace and security, and thus are devoid of a gender analysis.

Security Council Resolution 2135 (2014), adopted during the 30 July 2014 Security Council meeting (S/PV.7229), extends the mandate of the United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus (UNFICYP) for an additional six months, 31 January 2014 to 31 July 2014. The resolution urges leaders to continue negotiations towards a comprehensive and durable settlement, including discussions on military confidence-building measures and steps to build trust between the communities. It also addresses the issues of crossing points, economic benefits, and urges both sides to work with Technical Committees with the objective of improving the daily lives of the Cypriots. Finally, the Resolution discusses the need for both parties to continue engaging with UNFICYP on the demarcation of the buffer zone.

The resolution incorporates the women, peace and security on two occasions. In noting the  importance of civil society participation, including that of women’s groups and women’s participation to the political and peace process and in a future sustainable settlement is addressed in the preambular paragraphs  (PP. 16). In an operative paragraph the resolution recognizes and calls for continued efforts to implement the SG zero tolerance policy on sexual exploitation and abuse  (OP. 12) , as well as calls upon leaders to increase the participation of civil society in the peace process (OP. 3d ).

Notwithstanding the merit of these statements, the Council misses numerous opportunity to make a stronger statement for the full and equal inclusion of women in political and peace processes by failing to integrate gender elements within the operative clauses.

In relation to the recommendations put forth in the January 2014 MAP the resolution’s record is inadequate. The MAP calls on the Council to support efforts to ensure women’s participation in negotiations by including specific language in the UNFICYP mandate to this effect and strengthening references to the participation of civil society in the peace process (S/RES/2114, OP 3(d)) in line with the recommendations in S/2010/603, para. 43; further the Council should emphasize engagement with the Gender Advisory Team when discussing future peace negotiations.[1] The Council fails to explicitly mention women’s participation in political and peace processes in the operative paragraphs as well as stronger language in regarding to civil society. Further, there is no mention of parties’ engagement with the Gender Advisory team

The resolution the current resolution of 30 July 2014 (S/RES/2168) incorporates the women, peace and security agenda in both the preambular and the operative sections in the very same way as in the previous resolution of 30 January 2014 (S/RES/2135). The role of women in peace processes, their prominence in political process and in securing sustainable peace, and a call to promote an active engagement of civil society is addressed in a preambular clauses of both resolutions. The operative section recognizes and calls for continued efforts to implement the SG zero tolerance policy on sexual exploitation and abuse (Op. 12), as well as calls upon leaders to increase the participation of civil society in the peace process (Op. 3(b)). However, these mentions of women, peace and security remain superficial and miss the opportunity to make a stronger statement for the full and equal inclusion of women in political and peace processes, and fail to fully integrate a gender lens within the operative clauses.

PeaceWomen Consolidated Themes: 
Peace Processes
Security Council Agenda Geographical Topic: 
Cyprus
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