Women, Peace and Security in Libya: Comparative Study of the WPS Baseline Study, Phase I and Phase II


The overall objective of the two-part baseline study is to provide an overview of Women, Peace and Security issues in Libya to offer potential programming advice for development partners working on this critical area. This baseline was conducted from December 2013 through April 2014 and explores the intersection of women and peace and security issues within the political, socio- economic and cultural context in Libya, and explores how men and women are differently affected by security threats, discrimination and violence.

The report synthesizes the findings of the WPS baseline study, highlighting the differences and commonalities in men’s and women’s perceptions on WPS, illustrating challenges and opportunities for WPS programming, and offering potential programming advice for UNDP and other development partners working on this critical area. Particularly, the report examines key areas of women’s role in peace and security, drawing on the pillars put forward in the UNSCR Resolution 1325 on Women, Peace and Security. In addition, the study includes a brief consideration of local level power structures, to map how these structures impact women’s security, with an emphasis on women’s access to justice. As such, the study includes four main areas:

• Local level power structures’ impact on women’s access to justice

• Participation of women in the security sector and in the political process

• Prevention of violence against women

• Protection of women’s political rights and rights to security. 

The United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) hopes that this publication will prove a useful tool for all those working on this critical area, enabling deeper understanding and analysis, stimulating debate around key development issues and supporting development partners in programme development.