Despite the historic importance of the women, peace, and security agenda, results that have come directly from implementation of Resolution 1325 have been limited. In short, this report explains that after the adoption of Resolution 1325, the UN and its members have collectively failed to follow through. The Security Council has not taken sufficient ownership of the agenda, displaying a lack of political will and leadership in developing substantive monitoring mechanisms, and failing as an institution to focus efforts of the UN Secretariat and Member States on concrete strategies that would result in more meaningful results. Although both Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon and former Secretary-General Kofi Annan have spoken publicly about the importance of advancing the women, peace, and security agenda, neither mobilised substantial resources to ensure its implementation. All together, there has been a substantial gap between the promise of Resolution 1325 and its implementation in practice.