The Department of Interior and Local Government enjoined all local governments to conduct activities towards ending v
Marched through the middle a market in Damascus carrying red banners that read 'Stop all military operations in Syria
A diverse group of women leaders and organizations have joined forces with the Black Women's Roundtable (BWR) to laun
Kurdistan Regional Government KRG Prime Minister Nechirvan Barzani joined the High Committee of the Campaign Combatti
On Sunday November 25, the International Day for the Elimination of Violence against Women, the start of the annual 1
Campaigners against female circumcision have scored a major victory with the approval by a United Nations committee o
The UN Women Executive Director, Michelle Bachelet has called on governments to employ effective means to fight viole
Six of the women who planned to study at (EMU) in the summer of 2012 in the brand-new Women's Peacebuilding Leadershi
A 22-member Women's Interest Group on November 22 presented a communiqué calling on President Ellen Johnson Si
Women, men, girls and boys experience and take action differently in the context of armed conflict, peacekeeping, pea
Representatives of Georgian Civil Society Organisations and government entities involved in the implementation of the
This year marks the 10th anniversary of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 on women, peace and security (WPS).1 The
The international war tribunal set up to prosecute those responsible for the atrocities committed during Sierra Leone
On the first day of the Eid el-Fitr celebrations, Cairo's Nile River promenade's sidewalks were crowded, and packed w
The problem of forced marriage remains little known and well hidden in the United States, but experts say it is growi
The recent Israeli bombing of the Gaza Strip continues to devastate and kill civilians living under occupation and th
The last part of Africa to be decolonised, the Southern African Development Community (SADC) region, remains one of the most peaceful. Yet, despite comprehensive protocols and agreements, SADC faces acute challenges characterised by tensions between member states, resource deficits, citizens' exclusion, social discontent and limited internal and external coordination. Regional security cooperation requires adept infrastructures underwritten by political commitment; but the organisation's Secretariat appears powerless to ensure policy implementation. It must develop an effective common security policy framework, improve coordination with international partners, harmonise and clarify its role with other SADC structures, broaden engagement with civil society, ensure member-state commitment to African Union (AU) efforts on human and people's rights and build capacity for evaluation and monitoring. As long as national sovereignty prevails over regional interests, however, the success of SADC mechanisms, notably in conflict resolution, will remain limited.
The region faces a range of evolving peace and security threats, including maritime security and piracy, cyber and technology-driven security threats, and socio-economic unrest. Beyond efforts to respond to these challenges, policy implementation capacity and information and response mechanisms are urgently required. SADC's intervention in Madagascar and Zimbabwe has exposed the region's limited capacity to enforce agreements it has brokered. Ad hoc and under-resourced mediation imposes additional burdens and responsibilities on the mediators. Civil society engagement in SADC processes in the two countries has been at best tangential, confirming the gulf between the regional body and its citizens. The Madagascar and Zimbabwe cases also highlight that structural governance deficits and politicised security sectors exacerbate conflict. SADC's mediation efforts reveal the complexities and challenges of dealing with unconstitutional changes in government, contested elections and violations of the region's electoral code.
A fragmented approach to crisis and the absence of a common policy hinder security cooperation. Member states pursue detached objectives without a consistent set of principles and policies in this area coordinated at the regional level. This reinforces their reluctance to cede authority to a SADC centralised structure. Regional commitment to the rule of law suffered from the decision of the SADC heads of state and government to confine the jurisdiction of its tribunal to interpretations of treaties and protocols relating to disputes between member states. The decision removes the right to individual petition, and without an alternate explanation from SADC's leadership, can be considered a reversal of previous gains in human security and people's rights.
Violent conflict, a pervasive feature of the recent global landscape, has lasting impacts on human capital, and these impacts are seldom gender neutral. Death and destruction alter the structure and dynamics of households, including their demographic profiles and traditional gender roles. To date, attention to the gender impacts of conflict has focused almost exclusively on sexual and gender-based violence. We show that a far wider set of gender issues must be considered to better document the human consequences of war and to design effective postconflict policies. The emerging empirical evidence is organized using a framework that identifies both the differential impacts of violent conflict on males and females (first-round impacts) and the role of gender inequality in framing adaptive responses to conflict (second-round impacts). War's mortality burden is disproportionately borne by males, whereas women and children constitute a majority of refugees and the displaced. Indirect war impacts on health are more equally distributed between the genders. Conflicts create households headed by widows who can be especially vulnerable to intergenerational poverty. Second-round impacts can provide opportunities for women in work and politics triggered by the absence of men. Households adapt to conflict with changes in marriage and fertility, migration, investments in children's health and schooling, and the distribution of labor between the genders. The impacts of conflict are heterogeneous and can either increase or decrease preexisting gender inequalities. Describing these gender differential effects is a first step toward developing evidence-based conflict prevention and postconflict policy.
One of the positive results of peace processes and political transitions in the Great Lakes region in Africa during the last ten to fifteen years has been the representation and increased involvement of women in politics and in the public sphere. This major step forward in favour of women was primarily achieved thanks to the adoption of quota systems, as well as through co-optation. The constitutions adopted by Uganda, Burundi, Rwanda and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) during the post-conflict transition periods include provisions which integrate female representation quotas of at least 30 percent in decision-making institutions. In DRC the constitution adopted by referendum in December 2005 went even further by including the principle of equal representation. The reconstruction of northern Uganda, following a murderous twenty-year long conflict, has provided opportunities for women, who have been playing a prominent role in the region's economic recovery.
This report represents a synthesis of the key findings and recommendations of a regional research project on women's political participation and economic empowerment in countries emerging from conflicts in the Great Lakes region of Africa. The research project, conducted in Burundi, Rwanda, DRC and Uganda, was undertaken jointly by International Alert and the Eastern Africa Sub-regional Support Initiative (EASSI), in partnership with some of the leading women's organisations in the four countries, as well as the Department of Women and Gender Studies at Makerere University in Kampala, Uganda. The research focuses on four case studies and examines the nature and quality of women's political participation in the four countries to establish whether women's increased representation in decision making at the national and local governance level has translated into the adoption of gender equality policies and enhancement of women's socio-economic status at all levels of society. The research further analyses the economic dimension of women's political participation by linking women's economic empowerment and their representation in the political arena.
“Working on UNSCR 1325 in Northern Ireland is like working in a virtual reality” (Civil society member from Northern Ireland).
The UN envisaged Security Council Resolution (UNSCR) 1325, passed on the 31 October 2000 as a landmark document that promises to protect women's rights and guarantee their equal participation in peace processes[i]. UNSCR 1325[ii] takes into account women's different experiences of conflict and their contributions to building peace and sustainable security. Celebrating its twelfth birthday, it has yet to reach its full potential, as implementation remains problematic, not only due the lack of political will, but also as result of diplomatic sensitivities arising out of the positioning of some conflict regions. This is evident in Northern Ireland, a conflict region in which UNSCR 1325 has yet to be implemented.
In Syria, women and girls are being targeted for rape on a massive scale. This is one of the primary reasons many are fleeing to Turkey, Jordan, and Iraq. As refugees, however, these women and girls remain vulnerable to multiple forms of gender-based violence (GBV). This crisis requires urgent action. The United Nations Refugee Agency should immediately prioritize protecting Syrian women and girls to ensure they receive greater assistance and prevent further violence against them.
New fighting and a crackdown on women not wearing veils by Islamist militants has marred peace moves by two rival gro
The situation has been very tense at Panzi Hospital since the assassination attempt on Doctor Denis Mukwege that forc
MADRE, an international women's human rights organization, condemns the growing violence that has killed at least 18
Lawmakers in Iran are preparing to consider legislation that may drastically alter an adult woman's ability to obtain
Given the news dominating the headlines this week (CIA sex scandals and an increasingly Orwellian surveillance appara
As the Colombian Government prepares to meet with the Revolutionary Armed Forces of Colombia (FARC) in Havana, Cuba,
A grouping of women living with HIV/Aids has asked parliament to criminalise marital rape as a new report reveals pre
The president of Medecins Sans Frontieres pressed Papua New Guinea's new government to address its epidemic levels of
Nasrin Sotoudeh's awards would cover a wall.
Six women were arrested at the Western Wall on Thursday for wearing prayer shawls during services in a manner that ha
The Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR) strongly condemns the Palestinian female police's violent dispersal of
The violence between Israel and Palestine is increasing.
Prominent female lawmaker and rights activist Leyla Zana who symbolises the Kurdish struggle in Turkey has joined hun
Colombia's laws on violence against women are not adequately protecting victims displaced by the armed conflict, Huma
“What about the women who were raped who were depending on Dr.
A leading campaigner against sexual violence in conflict has called for economists to calculate the global cost of th
On November 11, 2012 we attended the Remembrance Day ceremony at Old City Hall in Toronto as an Afghan anti-war prese
Ana Angelica Bello, 45, was coming out of the Ministry of Justice in 2009 when two men bundled her into a car, put a
A local foundation, dedicated to empowering women through micro-loans, has disclosed that at least 5000 Liberian wome
The defense ministries of Montenegro, Macedonia, Serbia and Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) are focusing on improving wo
It's been nearly two years since Syria's dictator Bashar al Assad began his brutal assault on hundreds of thousands o
Libya will be among 18 countries to receive a grant from the UN Trust Fund to End Violence Against Women (UN Trust Fu
It's been almost two years since revolution swept across parts of the Arab world.
For three decades the scars branded onto Kim Khem's arms have been a reminder of the sexual torture she saw under the
Editor's note: The people in the story have been photographed with their faces covered and their names have been chan
A 15-year-old Pakistani girl named Anusha was the victim of an "honor killing" last week at the hands of he
When Mabrouka M'barek is in the Tunisian capital these days, much of her time is spent writing a new constitution as
The chief prosecutor of the International Criminal Court says she is collecting evidence for filing possible new war
Though only 25, Cassandra Basnett has already made a significant impact for good on the world.
As part of ongoing efforts to strengthen implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325 on Women P
Late October, a new government was approved by the newly elected Georgian parliament.
The French capital of Paris, especially the location of the presidential residence (Elysee Palace) is expected to com