Country / Region profile of: Ireland

Women peace advocates have been vital to the peacebuilding efforts in Ireland and Northern Ireland and the country is active in international peacekeeping, although there is a low proportion of women in these latter operations. Ireland pursues a policy of military neutrality and is not a member of NATO. Ireland acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) in 1985 and is ranked 8 out of 145 listed countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). Ireland voted for the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty, signed on 3rd June 2013, and ratified on 2nd April 2014. In 2017, Ireland spent $1.1 billion USD on it's military. In  2017, Ireland took part in the UNSC Open Debate and stated their major cooperation with and financial support to the Office of the Special Representative of the Secretary-General on Sexual Violence in Conflict. Ireland is a founding member and a key funder of the excellent Women’s Peace and Humanitarian Fund, and stated various other initiatives in support of WPS. Ireland is one of only 14 States, along with the EU, that are signatories to the Call to Action on Protection from Gender-Based Violence in Emergencies. In 2016, Ireland was ranked 6th for gender parity by the World Economic Forum in areas such as economics, politics, education and health, however more efforts are needed to achieve full gender parity in ireland. In addition to their participation in grass-roots peacebuilding, Irish women activists continue to promote gender equality and women's empowerment in government and in the workplace.

 

YOU GET WHAT YOU PAY FOR!

$ 1,117,000,000
Military expenditure
Ireland spends USD$1,117,000,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Supporting equality at the UN
This amount could fund the systematic and sustained resourcing and deployment of gender and WPS experts in missions and at UN Headquarters.
NAP 1325
The Ireland NAP does not include an allocated or estimated budget and there are no other financial resource consideration references within the NAP.
WPS commitments
Ireland made no specific financial commitments on Women, Peace and Security in 2017.

Country / Region profile of: Lebanon

Lebanese women activists continue to work for gender equality in their country. Numerous conflicts have set back many of the goals women in Lebanon have struggled for: ending domestic violence, increasing political participation, and changing penal codes, for example. In 2017, Lebanon ranked 137th out of 144 states that were considered by the Gender Gap Index.  Lebanon ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) on 16 April 1997. Lebanon has signed the Arms Trade Treaty on October 27, 2014. Lebanon participated in the 2017 UNSC Open Debate but made no relevant statements. In 2017, Lebanon spent $ 1.4 billion on its military. Subsequently, the state has not adopted a National Action Plan on the Implementation of UNSCR 1325. Lebanese women face ongoing struggles against extremists committing attacks near the Syrian border, and continue to organise and push for inclusion in reconstruction and peacebuilding.

"This is an incredible time where a door has opened for us showing Arab women and men what is possible. And through this door lies a society that we build together founded on principles of human rights and gender equality." - Ghida Anani

YOU GET WHAT YOU PAY FOR!

$ 1,403,000,000
Military expenditure
Lebanon spends $1,403,000,000 on the military.
Investing in peace and gender equality
Lebanon could invest in ongoing funding of its National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
NAP 1325
Lebanon does not have a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
WPS commitments
Unknown

Country / Region profile of: Latvia

Women in Latvia face challenges from insufficient enforcement of laws on violence and discrimination against women. Formerly occupied by the Soviet Union, Latvia has a significant Russian minority which is a cause for some tension in the country. Latvia is a member of NATO and has participated in several peacekeeping operations, including in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Kosovo, Iraq and Afghanistan. Latvia acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1992 and is ranked 20 out of 144 listed countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). Latvia has signed and ratified the Arms Trade Treaty. In 2017, $ 514 mln was spent by Latvia on its military. In the October 2015 WPS Open Debate Latvia expressed its commitment to develop a national policy framework in order to address emerging challenges to achieving gender equality, and to strengthen the legal framework in order to eliminate violence against women and girls. In October 2017, Latvia stated its support for WPS. Latvian women face challenges including underrepresentation in Parliament, in the workforce and earn less than men. Women activists in Latvia continue to advocate for more focused gender language in Latvia's laws and greater women's participation in decision-making. 

"This legacy of conflict that began with the Second World War and continued during the Cold War remains the principal obstacle to the uniform and harmonious development of the Baltic Sea Region today. " - Vaira Vīķe-Freiberga

YOU GET WHAT YOU PAY FOR!

$ 514,000,000
Military expenditure
Latvia spends USD$514,000,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Feeding the hungry
This amount could buy more than 1900000 kgs of wheat flour
NAP 1325
Latvia does not have a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
WPS commitments
Unknown

Country / Region profile of: Iraq

Iraqi women have been outspoken proponents of peace, justice, and sustainability. Iraq has a long history of conflict, but since 2003 has faced a U.S.-led invasion that toppled the Saddam Hussein dictatorship that resulted in hundreds of thousands of deaths and 2.8 million refugees or internally displaced persons in addition to the creation of a militant radical Islamist group that has taken control of northern Iraq in 2014. Iraqi women are disproportionately affected by conflict and face abhorrent violence perpetrated by ISIS. This group has issued statements acknowledging that Daesh captured Yazidi women and girls as “spoils of war,” and sought to justify the sexual violence. In October 2016 the Iraqi Security Forces, NATO, and Peshmerga launched the Mosul offensive to reclaim territories occupied by Da'esh. The impact of the offensive on the lives of women and girls has been profound. Iraq was not ranked in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index. Iraq ratified The Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW) on August 13, 1986. Iraq has neither signed nor ratified the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). In 2017, Iraq spent $ 7.4 billion on its military, although this is highly uncertain data. During the 2017 October Open Debate, Iraq did not detail any steps taken to implement UNSCR 1325 or the WPS Agenda holistically. The Iraqi 1325 NAP provides an estimated budget for each of its six pillars, broken down into each pillar's strategic objectives by year. Women peace leaders in Iraq work to enable their participation in peacebuilding and strengthen state action, especially on key gap areas of conflict prevention, disarmament, and financing. 

"Either we organize and demand our social and political freedoms or we give way to a theocracy and the institutionalized, legalized oppression of women in Iraq." - Yanar Mohammed

YOU GET WHAT YOU PAY FOR!

$ 7,416,000,000
Military expenditure
Iraq spends USD$7,416,000,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Resettling refugees
This amount could support the development of psychological counselling for many thousands of women in refugee camps
NAP 1325
The total budget for implementing this NAP is approximately $72 million.
WPS commitments
Iraq made no specific financial commitments on Women, Peace and Security in 2017.

Country / Region profile of: Laos

Women in Lao People's Democratic Republic continue to face challenges from low political participation, discriminatory traditions, gender-based violence, and human trafficking. Lao PDR consists of a communist regime and has 49 official ethnicities. Lao PDR ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1981 and is ranked 64 out of 144 listed countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). Laos has not signed the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). There is no data on military expenditures. During the 2017 October Security Council Open Debate, Lao PDR did not make any statements affirming support for the implementation of UNSCR 1325.  Although Lao PDR has a relatively high number of women in political positions, greater public participation by women is required to implement gender equality in all areas of society.

“In Laos, women typically do not have any decision making power and therefore their control over resources (notably agricultural land, incomes, and assets) is limited. The low representation of women at village level committees means that women in rural villages have very few opportunities to advance or to provide their input as to how they feel their village should be moving forward.” - Adra Gender Awareness project

YOU GET WHAT YOU PAY FOR!

$ 0
Military expenditure
Laos spends an unknown amount of money on the military
Investing in peace and gender equality
Laos could invest in creation and ongoing funding of a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
NAP 1325
Lao People's Democratic Republic does not have a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
WPS commitments
Unknown

Country / Region profile of: Iran

Women in the Islamic Republic of Iran have continued to challenge the discriminatory aspects of the rigid interpretation of Sharia and promote gender equality through peaceful methods, including the One Million Signatures campaign. Iran has a long history of international conflict, and domestic politics is characterised by the wide rift between the powerful, religious conservatives and the reformists. The development of Iran's nuclear programme resulted in multiple sanctions from the international community, including an oil embargo by the European Union, until November 2013, when Iran agreed to restrict uranium enrichment. Iran is not a signatory of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women (CEDAW). Iran is ranked 140 out of 144 listed countries on the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). In October 2017, Iran participated in the Open Debate and made no specific commitments. In 2017, Iran spent $ 14.5 billion on the military. Recently, in April 2014, when the UN elected Iran to a four-year seat on the Commission on the Status of Women (CSW), Iranian women activists protested the election of a country that has actively opposed CEDAW and legally restricted women's rights domestically. 

"The history of the women’s movement in the last 35 years in Iran has been a history of constant battle between the Government and women. Iranian women are the only group that have systematically pushed back against the Government whenever it tried to infringe on their rights." - Haleh Esfandiari

YOU GET WHAT YOU PAY FOR!

$ 1,454,800,000
Military expenditure
The country spends USD$14,548,000,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Investing in peace and gender equality
Iran could invest in creation and ongoing funding of a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
NAP 1325
Iran does not have a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
WPS commitments
Iran made no specific financial commitments on Women, Peace and Security in 2017.

Country / Region profile of: Kyrgyzstan

Since independence from the Soviet Union in 1991, political instability and ethnic tensions have resulted in two popular uprisings and violent conflicts. Kyrgyzstan consists of a Kyrgyz majority with significant Uzbek and Russian minorities. Kyrgyzstan acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1997 and is ranked 85 out of 144 listed countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). During the 2017 October Open Debate, Kyrgyzstan did not give any statements affirming support for WPS. In 2017, $223 mln were spent by Kyrgyz Republic on its military; subsequently, the National Action Plan on the Implementation of Resolution 1325 (2000) has not been made public yet. Kyrgyzstan has not signed the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). Women civil society organisations continue to impact gender equality legislation and enforcement, however, they also face the challenges as a result of lack of funding and of implementing leadership. Women in Kyrgyzstan continue to struggle against low political participation, discriminatory traditions, gender-based violence, and human trafficking.

“If you really love your country, if you really want the people to live in peace, if you really care about your children and your family, you have to do something if you see something wrong around you.” - Raya Kadyrova

YOU GET WHAT YOU PAY FOR!

$ 223,000,000
Military expenditure
Kyrgyzstan spends USD$223,000,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Supporting women's rights
This amount could be invested in the United Nations Population Fund, an international development agency that promotes the right of every woman, man and child to enjoy a life of health and equal opportunity
NAP 1325
The Kyrgyzstan NAP does not include an allocated or estimated budget and there are no other financial resource consideration references within the NAP.
WPS commitments
Unknown

Country / Region profile of: Indonesia

Women in Indonesia face challenges from traditional and religious norms that often limit their political, economic, and social participation. The Aceh conflict between the armed pro-independence movement GAM and the Indonesian government, which peaked in 1989 and concluded in a peace deal signed in 2005, killed between 10 to 30 thousand people, including many civilians. Additionally, Indonesia has previously had conflict with Timor-Leste and currently faces demands for independence from armed non-state actors. Indonesia ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1984 and is ranked 84 out of 144 listed countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). Indonesia abstained from the vote on the adoption of the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT), and has not yet signed or ratified.  During the 2017 October Security Council Open Debate, Indonesia gave a statement affirming that by 2019, Indonesia aims to have 4,000 troops, with an increased number of female peacekeepers. In 2017, $8.1 billion was spent by Indonesia on its military. Their National Action Plan does not mention the amount of money allocated for each activity. While Indonesian women have extensively participated in various roles in managing conflict at the local level, their presence in conflict resolution decision-making at higher political levels is virtually absent.

"[The] lack of women's participation in negotiations and in managing peace processes translates into neglect of women's priorities being reflected in the talks." - Shadia Marhaban

YOU GET WHAT YOU PAY FOR!

$ 8,178,000,000
Military expenditure
Indonesia spends USD$8,178,000,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Refugee resettlement and assistance
This amount could be used to resettle and comprehensively asist the almost half million Burmese refugees, including women refugees, who are displaced in Indonesia and elsewhere.
NAP 1325
The Indonesia NAP does not include an allocated or estimated budget and there are no other financial resource consideration references within the NAP.
WPS commitments
Indonesia made no specific financial commitments on Women, Peace and Security in 2017.

Country / Region profile of: Kuwait

Although Kuwait was the first Arab Gulf State to have an elected legislature, the parliament was dominated by men until, after 34 years of heavy campaigning and the largest demonstration in Kuwait's history, women finally obtained the right to vote in 2005. Kuwait has been the location of several military conflicts, including the Iraqi invasion in 1990, Operation Desert Storm to oust the Iraqi forces in 1991, and the US-led campaign to oust Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein in 2003. Kuwaiti women played a prominent role in the resistance of the Iraqi forces in 1990 by mobilising the opposition, transporting arms, holding demonstrations, and providing food, medicine, and shelter. Kuwait acceded to the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1994 and is ranked 129 out of 144 listed countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). The state has neither signed nor ratified the Arms Trade Treaty (ATT). In the 2017 UNSC Open Debate, Kuwait stated its support for WPS. In 2017, Kuwait spent $6.8 billion on its military. Kuwait does not have a National Action Plan for the Implementation of UNSCR 1325. In Kuwait, bidoon women are particularly vulnerable because of their stateless status and limited rights.

"Women members also have brought discipline to the parliamentary system itself. We attend committee meetings and do our homework, which embarrasses some of the male members who do not attend." - Rola Dashti

YOU GET WHAT YOU PAY FOR!

$ 6,831,000,000
Military expenditure
The country spends USD $6,831,000,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Investing in peace and gender equality
Kuwait could invest in the creation and ongoing funding of a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
NAP 1325
Kuwait does not have a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
WPS commitments
Unknown

Country / Region profile of: India

Indian women continue to struggle against discriminatory social norms and traditions that are the roots of gender-based violence, honour-killings, dowry-related deaths, and female infanticide and feticide. Laws prohibiting child marriage, pre-natal sex-selection tests, and dowries are often not enforced, while laws excluding women from inheriting property continue to exist. India has a long-standing dispute with Pakistan over the region of Kashmir, which has been the subject of two out of the three wars between the two countries since 1947. India is a nuclear-armed state. India ratified the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (CEDAW) in 1993 and is ranked 108 out of 144 listed countries in the 2017 Global Gender Gap Index (GGI). In October 2017, India participated in the October Open Debate and gave a statement committing to fulfil the pledge to have women serve in 15 per cent of military observer positions by the end of this year. India has also committed to provide another all-female formed police unit. In 2017, India spent $ 63.9 billion on its military. Women activists continue to advocate across ethnic and religious lines to empower women economically and politically and eliminate gender discrimination within society.

"The political parties in India are all male-dominated and they don't want to give women the opportunity to empower themselves. . . . On the one hand, these politicians promise all these things for women such as jobs and protecting our security, but we don't want that. We want to be able to get our own jobs and protect ourselves. We are telling them, please don't do anything for us, just give us the voice so we can empower ourselves." - Ranjana Kumari

YOU GET WHAT YOU PAY FOR!

$ 63,924,000,000
Military expenditure
India spends USD$63,924,000,000 on the military, including armed forces and peacekeeping forces, defence ministries, paramilitary forces, and military space activities.
Funding women's political campaigns
This amount could fund dozens of campaigns for MPs in India, promoting women-centric policies and peace.
NAP 1325
India does not have a National Action Plan for the Implementation of United Nations Security Council Resolution 1325.
WPS commitments
India made no specific financial commitments on Women, Peace and Security in 2017.

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